The most part of an industrial output of the country goes for export. These are cars, the equipment, computer facilities, and also production of light industry: footwear, clothes and production of the food industry – various canned food, macaroni and wine.
During every era of development of the Italian culture there were changes to the best. And now the cultural heritage which remained in the country is represented to the richest in the world. And, of course, knowing it, many people choose Italy because of it.
The vegetation in Italy is extremely various and beautiful, the territory of the country very green. It is a lot of evergreen plants and trees: palm trees, cypresses, Mediterranean pines. On the most part of Italy the grass cover remains all the year round that promotes external appeal of a landscape. In Italy there are a lot of blossoming bushes and flowers, slopes of mountains are covered with the woods.
On coastal lowlands of the Apenninsky peninsula and islands a wide strip evergreen trees and bushes last. From wild-growing types evergreen stone and pith oaks, stone pines and the Alpine pines, mastic trees, palm trees, cactuses and agaves are allocated here. However prevails cultural types, first of all subtropical here – a citrus, olives, almonds, pomegranate, groves of a pith oak which were put by the person.
Internal waters influence tourism in Italy. Many hotels, boards, campings are located on coast of the Alpine Lake Garda, Komo, Madzhore, Izeo, Orto. These lakes differ in purity and transparency of the water, the magnificent nature developed by infrastructure. In the summer they turn into places of mass rest of tourists from many countries and including Italians who come here on weekend from big cities.
The only extensive lowland of Italy – the Padansky plain, occupies the most part of a river basin On. The Padansky plain not only the main granary of the country, but also the region of the country which is most developed industrially.
Due to the elongation of the country from the North on the South its network iron and highways developed mainly in the meridional direction. The width communications, except for the Padansky plain, it is not enough. Many automobile and the railroads of Italy are paved on steep slopes of mountains and therefore have many bridges, tunnels that raises the price of their use.
Official language – Italian. It belongs to Romance group of Indo-European languages. On it more than 94% of residents of Italy speak. Other languages: Sardinian ~ 2%, Rhaeto-Romanic (friulsky and Latin) – 1% together with German, French, Albanian, Slovenian and other slightly widespread languages. All variety of the Italian dialects can be reduced in three large groups: dialects of Northern, Central and Southern Italy.
In Italy the role of the motor transport is exclusively great: it is the share of it ¾ all overland transportation of goods. The majority of highways are the share of the North of Italy, in the south density of a road network is much less.
During blossoming of the Roman Empire the architecture of Rome also endures new rise. Massive constructions gain monumental plasticity, dominating is a role of an arch and its derivatives, the arch and a dome. The main type of official architecture is the triumphal arch. During the same period the best-known and ancient buildings of Rome – the Colosseum and the Pantheon were built.
In the same time the intensive town planning is conducted. For this period construction of the city between two highways is characteristic. There are atrium houses, a typical internal court yard, characteristic only for Ancient Rome. In parallel with an urbanization also construction of country estates and country houses is conducted. In these times there were main types of the Roman constructions: basilicas, terms, spectacular constructions, arch constructions.
Because in the territory of Italy there are more than a half of world cultural heritage, the huge number of monuments remained in a fine state, historic centers of many cities completely kept medieval shape, cultural factor has paramount value for development of tourism in Italy. Italy is one of the most attractive to tourism by the country.