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The second making element of the state is the population, that is the human community living in its territory and submitting to its power. The people as a generic term can be characterized as rather wide social group which members have feeling of belonging to it thanks to common features of culture and historical consciousness.

Ó ïîíÿòèÿ "äåìîêðàòèÿ" ìíîæåñòâî îïðåäåëåíèé. Îäíî èç íèõ ïðèíàäëåæèò àìåðèêàíñêîìó ïðåçèäåíòó Àâðààìó Ëèíêîëüíó (1809-186: äåìîêðàòèÿ - ýòî "ïðàâëåíèå íàðîäà, èçáðàííîå íàðîäîì è äëÿ íàðîäà". ×àùå âñåãî äåìîêðàòèþ ïîíèìàþò è îáúÿñíÿþò êàê "âëàñòü íàðîäà" of èëè "íàðîäîâëàñòèå" (ãðå÷. demos-íàðîä + cratos - âëàñòü). Ñëîâàðíîå îïðåäåëåíèå: ýòî ïîëèòè÷åñêèé ðåæèì ïðè êîòîðîì óñòàíîâëåíû è îñóùåñòâëÿþòñÿ íà ïðàêòèêå íàðîäîâëàñòèå, çàêðåïëåííûå â çàêîíàõ ñâîáîäû è ðàâíîïðàâèå ãðàæäàí.

Íà Ðóñè èìåëà ìåñòî ïðÿìàÿ äåìîêðàòèÿ. Ïðè÷åì íàðîäîâëàñòèå çàðîäèëîñü ðàíüøå êíÿæåñêîãî ïðàâëåíèÿ. Slavic N of àðîä, õîòÿ è ïîêîðèëñÿ êíÿçüÿì, íî ñîõðàíèë íåêîòîðûå âîëüíîñòè è â äåëàõ è îïàñíîñòÿõ ãîñóäàðñòâåííûõ ñõîäèëñÿ íà îáùèé ñîâåò. In öåëîì íà Ðóñè âå÷åâûå ñîáðàíèÿ ñîáèðàëèñü íåðåãóëÿðíî, ïî íàäîáíîñòè - â îäíó íåäåëþ ìîãëî áûòü íåñêîëüêî âå÷åâûõ ñîáðàíèé, à èíîãäà è öåëûé ãîä íè îäíîãî. Ñîáèðàëèñü ÷àùå â ñëó÷àÿõ ýêñòðàîðäèíàðíûõ: âîåííûå íåóäà÷è, âòîðæåíèå ïðîòèâíèêà, íåäîâîëüñòâî äåÿòåëüíîñòüþ âëàñòåé. Îñòàëüíûå âîïðîñû, êàê ïðàâèëî, ðåøàëèñü êíÿçåì ñ äóìöàìè, êîòîðûìè âûñòóïàëè "÷èíîâíèêè âîèíñêèå è ãðàæäàíñêèå, äðóæèíà, à òàêæå ãðàäñêèå ñòàðåéøèíû, êîòîðûå ëåòàìè, ðàçóìîì è ÷åñòüþ çàñëóæèâ äîâåðåííîñòü ìîãëè áûòü ñóäèÿìè â äåëàõ íàðîäíûõ".

The state is the collective phenomenon existing in a concrete existential context. Existential character of the state is caused by that fact that the legal order acts on the concrete territory in concrete time. The legal order of a certain state works not eternally and not in all states. Its applicability is narrowed to this territory during this period.